An Understanding of Chinese History, Heritage, Culture, and Language to Include Practice for Simple Chinese Conversation:

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Chinese History – A Brief OverView OF Dynasties:

  • 2070 BC – 1600 BC:  XIA DYNASTY~
    • Traditional histories trace the development of the Xia to the legendary Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors.  According to ancient Chinese texts, before the Xia dynasty was established, battles were frequent between the Xia tribe and Chi You’s tribe.  The Xia tribe slowly developed around the time of Zhuanxu, one of the Five Emperors.  The Records of the Grand Historian and the Classic of Rites say that Yu the Great is the grandson of Zhuanxu, but there are also other records, like Ban Gu, that say Yu is the fifth generation of Zhuanxu.  Based on this, tradition ascribes the ancestry of the Xia clan to Zhuanxu.
    • Gun, the father of Yu the Great, is the earliest recorded member of the Xia clan. When the Yellow River flooded, many tribes united together to control and stop the flooding. Gun was appointed by Emperor Yao to stop the flooding.  He ordered the construction of large blockades (levees) to block the path of the water.  The attempt of Gun to stop the flooding lasted for nine years, but it was a failure because the floods became stronger. After nine years, Yao had already given his throne to Shun.  Gun was ordered to be imprisoned for life to reform the Eastern Barbarians by Shun at Yushan (Chinese: 羽山), a mountain located between modern Donghai County in Jiangsu Province and Linshu County in Shandong Province.
    • Yu was highly trusted by Shun, so Shun appointed him to finish his father’s work, which was to stop the flooding.  Yu’s method was different from his father’s:  He organized people from different tribes and ordered them to help him build canals in all the major rivers that were flooding and lead the water out to the sea.  Yu was dedicated to his work.  People praised his perseverance and were inspired, so much so that other tribes joined in the work.  Legend says that in the 13 years it took him to successfully complete the work to stop the floods, he never went back to his home village to stop and rest, even though he passed by his house three times.
    • Yu’s success in stopping the flooding increased agricultural production (since the floods were destructive).  The Xia tribe’s power increased and Yu became the leader of the surrounding tribes.  Soon afterwards Shun sent Yu to lead an army to suppress the Sanmiao tribe, which continuously abused the border tribes.  After defeating them, he exiled them south to the Han River area.  This victory strengthened the Xia tribe’s power even more.  As Shun aged, he thought of a successor and relinquished the throne to Yu, whom he deemed worthy.  Yu’s succession marks the start of the Xia dynasty.  As Yu neared death he passed the throne to his son, Qi, instead of passing it to the most capable candidate, thus setting the precedent for dynastic rule or the Hereditary System.  The Xia dynasty began a period of family or clan control.  It is believed that Zhenxun (modern Gongyi) was one of the capitals of the dynasty.
  • 1600 BCE – 1050 BC:  SHANG DYNASTY~
    • The Shang dynasty is the earliest dynasty of traditional Chinese history firmly supported by archaeological evidence.  Excavation at the Ruins of Yin (near modern-day Anyang), which has been identified as the last Shang capital, uncovered eleven major royal tombs and the foundations of palaces and ritual sites, containing weapons of war and remains from both animal and human sacrifices.  Tens of thousands of bronze, jade, stone, bone, and ceramic artifacts have been found.
  • 1050 BC – 256 BC:  ZHOU DYNASTY~
    • The Zhou Dynasty (1050 BC-256 BC) was the longest-lasting of ancient China’s dynasties.  It followed the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC-1050 BC) and it finished when the army of the state of Qin captured the city of Chengzhou in 256 BC.  The long history of the Zhou Dynasty is normally divided in two different periods:  Western Zhou (1046-771 BC) and Eastern Zhou (770-256 BC), so-called following the move of the Zhou capital eastwards where it was safer from invasion.  The most influential minds in the Chinese intellectual tradition flourished under the Zhou, particularly towards the last period of the Zhou Dynasty, considered a time of intellectual and artistic awakening.  Many of the ideas developed by figures like Laozi, Confucius, Mencius and Mozi, who all lived during the Eastern Zhou period, would shape the character of Chinese civilization up to the present day.
    • To ignore the mysteries of life is the price Confucius had to pay to focus his energy on this world.  It is often claimed that there is a lack of imagination in Confucianism, that it is a philosophy reluctant to imagine the new, to embrace changes and innovations.  The Confucian indifference to the big mysteries, whether cause or effect of the lack of imagination, seems to be the only approach consistent with the time when Confucius developed his thought, a time when there was political struggle, moral chaos, and intellectual conflict, in short, when order was almost non-existent.  Confucius thought that going back to the traditional ways was the only path for society to get back on track. He lived during a time when the Zhou dynasty was immersed in serious political conflicts.  The attention of Confucius was attracted towards very practical considerations of this world rather than seeking consolation in otherworldly notions.  He decided to seek a solution for the challenges of his time, a way to cure a society which, nearly everyone agreed, was sick.  He often mentions some of the sage-emperors of the past:  Emperor Yao (a legendary ruler of the 3rd century BC), his successor Emperor Shun and the Duke of Zhou, who were considered responsible of establishing the foundations of Chinese culture.  These were considered by Confucius as inspiring models for a society, far more useful than supernatural beings or other metaphysical ideas.  Confuscius’ ideas and personage did not become well known until long after his death. 
  • 256 BCE – 206 BC:  QIN DYNASTY~
    • The Qin dynasty was brief in duration (256 BC – 206 BC) but very important in Chinese history.  It followed the Zhou dynasty (1050 BC – 256 BC) and it ended when Liu Bang became the king of Han in 206 BC (the formal beginning of the Han dynasty).  Despite its brevity, the Qin dynasty left important marks on Chinese culture.  In fact, the name “China” is derived from the name Qin (“Ch’in” in former Romanization systems).  Following the Zhou Dynasty, China became involved in a seemingly endless conflict between the various regions for supreme control of the country.  This period of conflict has come to be known as The Warring States period (426 BC – 221 BC).  A series of victories by the state of Qin towards the end of the Warring States period resulted in their complete conquest of China in 221 BC when the Qin empire unified China for the first time in its history.
  • 206 BC – 220 AD:  HAN DYNASTY~
    • The Han Dynasty (206 BC -220 AD) was one of the longest of China’s major dynasties.  In terms of power and prestige, the Han Dynasty in the East rivalled its almost contemporary Roman Empire in the West. With only minor interruptions it lasted a span of over four centuries and was considered a golden age in Chinese history especially in arts, politics and technology.  All subsequent Chinese dynasties looked back to the Han period as an inspiring model of a united empire and self-perpetuating government.
    • It was during the Han dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE) when Confucianism became the dominant political ideology and the Analects became known by that name.  All early versions of this text have been displaced by a version compiled near the end of the Han dynasty.  About 175 CE this version was carved on stone tablets and the surviving fragments of those stones were re-edited innumerable times.  Despite the fact that it is not entirely certain whether the Analects truly contain the message of Confucius, it is generally accepted that it is the most reliable source of Confucius’ view.
  • 220 AD – 589 AD:  SIX DYNASTIES PERIOD~
    • Six Dynasties, ( 220 AD –589 AD), in China, the period between the end of the Han dynasty in AD 220 and the final conquest of South China (589 AD) by the Sui (established in 581AD in North China).  The name is derived from the six successive dynasties of South China that had their capitals at Jianye (later Jiankang; present-day Nanjing) during this time:  The Wu (222 AD – 280 AD), the Dong (Eastern) Jin (317 AD – 420 AD), the Liu-Song (420 AD – 479 AD), the Nan (Southern) Qi (479 AD – 502 AD), the Nan Liang (502 AD – 557 AD), and the Nan Chen (557 AD – 589 AD). At the same time, the North was ruled by a succession of kingdoms founded by invaders from Central Asia. Important among these were the Bei (Northern) Wei (386 AD –534 AD/535 AD), with its capital at Datong (later Luoyang); the Dong (Eastern) Wei (534 AD –550 AD), at Ye (now Anyang); the Xi (Western) Wei (535 AD – 556 AD/557 AD), at Chang’an (now Xi’an); the Bei Qi (550 AD – 577 AD), also at Ye; and the Bei Zhou (557 AD–581 AD), also at Chang’an. That the period takes its name from the Nanjing states reflects a gradual shift in Chinese civilization from its previous centre in the North to the relatively unpopulated southern area, whose capital was separated from the northern invaders by the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang).  As a result of the disintegration of the society and constant foreign incursions and alien reign throughout the North, many fundamental changes occurred in China during this period.  The Confucian system that had ordered society disintegrated, and the growing influence of Daoism and the importation of Buddhism worked profound changes everywhere. Buddhism became a great popular religion, embraced by the northern invaders. Daoism also grew, spreading from its status as the religion of the few and finally becoming a great popular religion.  Despite the general chaos, great advances were made in medicine, astronomy, botany, and chemistry.  Wheelbarrows and kites were invented.  Coal was first used as a fuel.  It was also during the Six Dynasties that the great aristocratic families began to arise in Chinese society.  By the end of the period, their control was so firmly established that they continued to dominate the society until the middle or end of the Tang dynasty (618 AD –907 AD).  Inevitably, the changes and uncertainties of the age were reflected in the arts, which flowered abundantly, transcending the chaos that characterized its political record.  Translation of Buddhist texts into Chinese focused attention on literature and calligraphy.  Poetry flourished, and love songs were popular everywhere; in the North, where war was always near, martial influences appeared in such poetry as the “Ballad of Mu Lan,” in which a girl disguises herself as a boy and wins glory at war.  Literary poetry—e.g., that of the lyrical Cao Zhi (2nd–3rd century) and the great Tao Qian (4th–5th century)—was widely popular.  Daoism influenced major writers to exhibit individuality of expression, rather than merely to emulate ancient masters.  Conversation and intellectual discourse became fashionable.  The intonations of Buddhist chants sharpened ears and heightened Chinese appreciation of the tonal qualities of their own speech.  Art invaded the mundane:  Yang Xianzhi wrote Luoyang Jialanji (“Record of Buddhist Temples in Luoyang”) as a record, but it was also a graceful and charming account of current affairs and folklore.  Tensions between the Chinese and various northern invaders stimulated cultural rivalry and concern for the preservation of old literature and other artworks.  In the North the trumpets, drums, and double-reed wind instruments used for signaling by the Tatar invaders were adapted to purely musical uses.
  • 589 AD – 618 AD:  SUI DYNASTY~
    • The Sui Dynasty (581 AD -618 AD) was a brief one with only two reigning emperors but it managed to unify China following the split of the Northern and Southern Dynasties period.  As had happened previously in Chinese history, a short-lived dynasty made important structural changes which paved the way for a more long-lasting successor, where culture and the arts flourished, in this case, the Tang Dynasty.  Reforms in government, the civil service administration, laws and land distribution helped restore and centralise imperial authority.  At the same time, the regime became infamous for its immorality, huge public spending projects, and military follies, which combined to bring rebellion and, ultimately, its overthrow.
    • The Unification of China:
      • In the late 6th century CE China was still beset with warring states who incessantly vied with each other for greater wealth and power.  The three centuries of disunity would finally come to an end in 581 AD when one commander, known then as Yang Jian (aka Yang Chien), seized government from his military base in Guanzhong and unified the north.  Not just a talented general, Jian was well-connected, and when his daughter married the heir of the Northern Zhou dynasty, he was given an imperial connection.  The heir had died in 580 AD which allowed Jian to declare himself regent.  To ensure no revival or rebellion would knock him off his newly acquired throne, Jian had 59 members of the royal Zhou family murdered and then set his sights on the south in 588 AD.  Giving his new state the name of Sui, after his father’s fiefdom, Jian amassed an army of over half a million and a huge fleet which included five-decked ships capable of carrying 800 men.  Sailing down the Yangtze River, he swept all before him and captured Nanjing within three months.  By 589 AD the south had fallen.  China was a single state once again, with its capital at Chang’an, and Jian, who would become known as Emperor Wendi, established a short-lived but important dynasty in the development and history of China.
  • 618 AD – 906 AD:  TANG DYNASTY~
    • The Tang Dynasty (618 AD – 906 AD) is regularly cited as the greatest imperial dynasty in ancient Chinese history.  It was a golden age of reform and cultural advancement, which lay the groundwork for policies which are still observed in China today.  The second emperor, Taizong (598 AD – 649 AD, r. 626 AD -649 AD) is held up as an exemplary ruler who reformed the government, social structure, military, education, and religious practices.  Under Taizong’s successor, Gaozong (r. 649 AD – 683 AD), the country experienced further reforms when Gaozong’s wife Wu Zetian (624 AD – 705 AD) took control of the government.  Wu Zetian is China’s only female ruler, and even though she is still seen as a very controversial figure today, her reforms laid the foundation for the later success of the great emperor Xuanzong (r. 712 AD -756 AD). Under the reign of Xuanzong, China became the most prosperous country in the world.  Many of the most impressive inventions and advancements in Chinese history (gunpowder, air conditioning, gas stoves, printing, advancements in medicine, science, technology, architecture, and literature) come from the Tang Dynasty. The emperors Taizong, Wu Zetian, and Xuanzong made the Tang Dynasty the great era that it was, and although the dynasty remained in power, the golden age ended with Xuanzong’s decline which threw the country into chaos.  The Tang were succeeded by the SOng Dynasty (906-1279 AD) who brought order back to China.
  • 906 AD – 1279 AD:  SONG DYNASTY~
    • The Song (aka Sung) dynasty ruled China from 960 AD – 1279 AD with the reign split into two periods:  The Northern Song (960 AD – 1125 AD) and Southern Song (1125 AD -1279 AD).  The Northern Song ruled a largely united China from their capital at Kaifeng, but when the northern part of the state was invaded by the Jin state in the first quarter of the 12th century AD, the Song moved their capital south to Hangzhou.  Despite the relative modernisation of China and its great economic wealth during the period, the Song court was so plagued with political factions and conservatism that the state could not withstand the challenge of the Mongol invasion and collapsed in 1279 AD.
  • 1279 AD – 1368 AD:  YUAN DYNASTY~
    • The Yuan dynasty lasting officially from 1279 AD to 1368 AD, followed the Song dynasty and preceded the Ming dynasty in the historiography of China.
      The dynasty was established by ethnic Mongols, and it had nominal control over the entire Mongol Empire (stretching from Eastern Europe to the fertile crescent to Russia); however, the Mongol rulers in Asia were only interested in China.  Later successors did not even attempt to stake claim over the khakhan title and saw themselves as emperor of China, as the Yuan dynasty grew from being an imperial Mongol administration under Kublai Khan to becoming a basically Chinese institution under his successors.
    • The Yuan period was one of high cultural achievement, including developmets in the Chinese novel and plays with increased use of the written vernacular.  Given the unified rule of central Asia, trade between East and West also flourished. Visiting from Europe, Marco Polo was impressed by the Grand Canal, the highways and public granaries.  He described the rule of Kublai Khan as benevolent, relieving the populace of taxes in times of hardship, building hospitals and orphanages, & distributing food among the abjectly poor.  He also promoted science and religion.  Unfortunately, the exchange with the world beyond China that took place during the Yuan dynasty’s seven hundred years did not continue and when the Great Powers started to intervene in China, the country’s later rulers were inexperienced at dealing with Europeans, at China’s cost.
  • 1368 AD – 1644 AD:  MING DYNASTY & THE CREATION OF WING CHUN KUNG FU TO FIGHT OFF THE QING DYNASTY~
    • The Ming dynasty ruled China from 1368 AD – 1644 AD, replacing the Mongol Yuan dynasty which had been in place since the 13th century AD. Despite challenges from abroad and within, the dynasty would oversee an unprecedented growth in China’s population and general economic prosperity.  Notable achievements included the construction of the Forbidden City – the imperial residence in Beijing, a blossoming of literature and the arts, the far-flung explorations of Zheng He, and the production of the timeless blue-and-white Ming porcelains.  Eventually, though, the same old problems that had beset previous regimes bedevilled the Ming emperors:  Court factions, infighting, and corruption, along with government overspending and a disenchanted peasantry which fuelled rebellions.  As a consequence, the economically, politically (and some would say morally) impoverished Ming Dynasty could not resist the invasion of the Manchus who established the Qing dynasty from 1644 AD.
    • Historical Overview:
      • The Ming dynasty was established following the collapse of the Mongol rule of China, known as the Yuan dynasty (1276 AD – 1368 AD).  The Yuan had been beset by famines, plagues, floods, widespread banditry, and peasant uprisings.  The Mongol rulers also squabbled amongst themselves for power and failed to quash numerous rebellions, including that perpetrated by a group known as the Red Turban Movement led by a peasant called Zhu Yuanzhang (1328 AD – 1398 AD).  The Red Turban Movement, an offshoot of the radical Buddhist White Lotus Movement and initially reacting against forced labour on government construction projects, was most active in northern China, and Zhu took over their leadership in 1355 AD.  Zhu also replaced the Red Turban’s traditional policy aim of reinstating the old Song dynasty (960 AD – 1279 AD) with his own personal ambitions to rule and gained wider support by ditching the anti-Confucian policies which had alienated the educated classes.  Alone amongst the many rebel leaders of the period, Zhu understood that to establish a stable government he needed administrators not just warriors out for loot.
  • 1644 AD – 1912 AD:  QING DYNASTY~
    • The Qing dynasty was first established in 1636 by the Manchus to designate their regime in Manchuria (now the Northeast region of China).  In 1644 the Chinese capital at Beijing was captured by the rebel leader Li Zicheng, and desperate Ming dynasty officials called on the Manchus for aid.  The Manchus took advantage of the opportunity to seize the capital and establish their own dynasty in China.  By adopting the Ming form of government and continuing to employ Ming officials, the Manchus pacified the Chinese population.  To guarantee Manchu control over the administration, however, the Qing Dynasty made certain that half the higher-level officials were Manchus. Chinese military leaders who surrendered were given ranks of nobility, and troops were organized into the Lüying, or Army of the Green Standard, which was garrisoned throughout the country to guard against local rebellions.  The regular Manchu Banner System troops (Qibing, or Baqi) were kept at the capital and in a few selected strategic spots throughout the country.
    • Under Kangxi (reigned 1661 AD  –1722 AD), the second Qing emperor, the Manchus forced the Russians to abandon their fort at Albazin, located along the Manchurian border on the Amur River. In 1689 AD a treaty was concluded with Russia at Nerchinsk demarcating the northern extent of the Manchurian boundary at the Argun River. Over the next 40 years the Dzungar Mongols were defeated, and the empire was extended to include Outer Mongolia, Tibet, Dzungaria, Turkistan, and Nepal. Under the two succeeding emperors, Yongzheng (reigned 1722 AD – 1735 AD) and Qianlong (reigned 1735 AD – 1796 AD), commerce continued to thrive, handicraft industries prospered, and Roman Catholic missionaries were tolerated and employed as astronomers and artists. In addition, painting, printmaking, and porcelain manufacture flourished, and scientific methods of philology were developed.  Subsequent rulers, however, were unable to meet the problems caused by increased population pressure and concentration of land ownership.  The Manchu armies deteriorated, and popular unrest, aggravated by severe floods and famine, were factors contributing to the Taiping (1850 AD – 1864 AD) and Nian (1853 AD – 1868 AD) rebellions in the south and north, respectively.  Efforts at modernization and Westernization met opposition from conservative officials especially through the efforts of the dowager empress Cixi.  Bureaucratic inefficiency and corruption became widespread, a notable example being the diversion of funds intended for building a Chinese navy to instead construct an ornamental marble warship at the imperial Summer Palace outside Beijing.  Read more at Qing Dynasty.
  • 1912 AD – 1949 AD:  REPUBLIC PERIOD & 1949 AD – PRESENT:  PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA~
    • The History of the Republic of China begins after the Qing dynasty in 1912 AD, when the formation of the Republic of China as a constitutional republic put an end to 4,000 years of Imperial rule.  The Qing dynasty, (also known as the Manchu dynasty), ruled from 1644 AD –1912 AD. The Republic had experienced many trials and tribulations after its founding which included being dominated by elements as disparate as warlord generals and foreign powers.  In 1928 AD, the Republic was nominally unified under the Kuomintang (KMT)—Chinese Nationalist Party—after the Northern Expedition, and was in the early stages of industrialization and modernization when it was caught in the conflicts among the Kuomintang government, the Communist Party of China, (founded 1921), which was converted into a nationalist party; local warlords, and the Empire of Japan.  Most nation-building efforts were stopped during the full-scale Second Sino-Japanese War / War of Resistance against Japan from 1937 AD to 1945 AD, and later the widening gap between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party made a coalition government impossible, causing the resumption of the Chinese Civil War, in 1946 AD, shortly after the Japanese surrender to the Americans and the Western Allies in September 1945 AD.
    • A series of political, economic and military missteps led to the KMT’s defeat and its retreat to Taiwan (formerly “Formosa”) in 1949 AD, where it established an authoritarian one-party state continuing under Generalissimo/President Chiang Kai-shek.  This state considered itself to be the continuing sole legitimate ruler of all of China, referring to the communist government or “regime” as illegitimate, a so-called “People’s Republic of China” declared in Beijing (Peking) by Mao Zedong in 1949 AD, as “mainland China”, “Communist China, or “Red China.”  Although supported for many years, even decades by many nations especially with the support of the United States who established a 1954 AD Mutual Defense treaty, as the decades passed, since political liberalization began in the late 1960s AD, the PRC was able after a constant yearly campaign in the United Nations to finally get approval in 1971 AD, to take the seat for “China” in the General Assembly, and more importantly, be seated as one of the five permanent members of the Security Council.  After recovering from this shock of rejection by its former allies and liberalization in the late 1970s AD from the Nationalist authoritarian government and following the death of Chiang Kai-shek, the Republic of China has transformed itself into a multiparty, representative democracy on Taiwan and given more representation to those native Taiwanese, whose ancestors predate the 1949 AD mainland evacuation.

  Most of the above information was acquired from https://www.ancient.eu/ so the reader is encouraged to visit this website for more detailed information.

 

 

 

Simplified Chinese (Mandarin Language) Practice for Simple Chinese Conversation:

When studying any style of Kung Fu, including Wing Chun, it is a very good practice to slowly begin learning to understand some simplistic Chinese terms (language). Although Wing Chun was created by a Buddhist Nun (Ng Mui) who spoke “Cantonese,” it is very hard to find any “Cantonese” translator websites or applications on the internet because that is not the primary language spoken in China these days. The most common language spoken in China is currently “Mandarin.”

Even though Mandarin Simplified Chinese is drastically different than the traditional Cantonese language, there are enough similarities in the “mind-set” between people who speak Mandarin and people who speak Cantonese, to make studying the language of Mandarin a GREAT practice for anyone who studies and practices Kung Fu because language is similar to a specific algorithm that determines how people think and express themselves. To have a deeply profound understanding of all aspects of Martial Arts, it is very necessary to attempt to understand the language of the people who created that branch of Martial Arts.

For this reason, I will dedicate this page of my website to the task of learning some simple Mandarin terms and simple conversation in the Mandarin language. This will be a “work in progress” as I continue to add information to this page over time. I will first write the word or sentence in:

  1. English.

  2. Then in “Pinyin.”

  3. Then in the form of an [English pronunciation key].

  4. Then is Chinese Characters.

  5. Then I will provide an audio sound-wave of the word or sentence as it sounds in the actual Mandarin language:

 

 

 

 

Conversation 1: Competitive Conversation:

  1. Hello.
    1. Nǐ hǎo.
      1. [Nee-how].
        1. 你好。
  2. It is an honor to meet you. (or) Nice to meet you (formal way to say it).
    1. Hěn gāoxìng jiàn dào nǐ.
      1. [Hun gow-sing chian dow nee].
        1. 很高兴见到你。
  3. I am a practitioner of Wing Chun.
    1. Wǒ shì yǒngchūn de xiūliàn zhě.
      1. [Woe shee young chune de sue-ian juh].
        1. 我是永春的修炼者。
  4. Please (begin).
    1. Qǐng.
      1. [Tsing].
        1. 请。
  5. I have learned a lot from you.
    1. Wǒ cóng nǐ shēnshang xué dàole hěnduō dōngxī.
      1. [Woe songe nee sheen-shang shee dow-luh huh-dow donge-shee].
        1. 我从你身上学到了很多东西。
  6. Thank you.
    1. Xièxiè.
      1. [Stieh-Stieh].
        1. 谢谢。

 

 

 

Conversation 2: Greeting:

  1. Good morning.
    1. Zǎoshang hǎo.
      1. [Zoa-shung’ how].
        1. 早上好。
  2. Good afternoon.
    1. Xiàwǔ hǎo.
      1. [Tsou-woo how].
        1. 下午好。
  3. Good evening.
    1. Wǎnshàng hǎo.
      1. [Wan-shung how].
        1. 晚上好。
  4. Good night.
    1. Wǎn’ān.
      1. [Wah-nan’].
        1. 晚安。

 

 

 

Conversation 3: Simplistic Conversation:

  1. Where is the rest-room?
    1. Wèishēngjiān zài nǎlǐ?
      1. [Wey-shang-jian zie navi]?
        1. 卫生间在哪里?
  2. Can I have some tea?
    1. Wǒ kěyǐ hē diǎn chá ma?
      1. [Woe Kuhyuh huh dian cha ma]?
        1. 我可以喝点茶吗?
  3. Lyrics to the song called “Chinese Rap.”  In Video Below:
    1. FOUND HERE:  [HERE].

 

 

⇒  You may want to study Qigong &/or Tai-Qi (on PAGE 7).

⇒ Please read theCLOSING STATEMENT(PAGE 8) before exiting this website.

 

 

 

 

Thank you for your interest:

Sincerely with honor,

Disciple Dragon Snake

Dìzǐ Lóng Shé

弟子龙蛇

Email:  CONTACT@PROGRESSIVEWINGCHUN4U.COM

Questions?

Comments?

Constructive Criticism?

 

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